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Windows 98
Problem/Solution II

 


Updated  05/03/2000

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GLOBAL FOLDER VIEWING OPTIONS

Do you have a favorite way of viewing a folder's contents--for example, always as a Web page and always the Large Icon view? Rather than set these options every time you open a new window, set them once and be done with it. Windows 98 will apply your view options globally (unlike Windows 95, where you had to reset these options constantly).

Open any Explorer window and select View, Folder Options. Select the View tab, click the Like Current Folder button, then click Yes to confirm. Every window you open from that point forward will look the way you want it to.

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RE-CREATE SHOW DESKTOP SHORTCUT FROM SCRATCH

To restore the Show Desktop shortcut to the Quick Launch toolbar, assuming you've deleted it by
mistake: Open the Windows\System folder and locate a file named Show Desktop; then create a shortcut to this file in the Windows\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch folder. Don't see a file named Show Desktop in your System folder?
Then you'll need to create one.

Open Notepad--select Start, Programs, Accessories, Notepad--and type
the following:

[Shell]
Command=2
IconFile=explorer.exe,3
[Taskbar]
Command=ToggleDesktop

Select File, Save, then navigate your way to the Windows\System folder and name the file Show Desktop.scf. Finally, click Save and close Notepad.

Now just create a shortcut to this file in the Windows\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch folder, as described previously, and a Show Desktop item will appear on your Quick Launch toolbar.

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Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3.
shows the command line switches for Windows Explorer. They control the type of display Explorer will use, the initial folder and selection, and the scope of the Explorer window. Explorer can display the contents of a drive or folder in two different ways. If you right-click a folder and choose Open, you get a single-pane view.

Exploreer | /e |   | /c | /subject |   | /select,subject |   |/root,object |


(Figure 2). In this open view, each file or folder is represented by a large icon and a title. By default, Explorer "recycles" windows of this type. That is, if the desired folder is present in an existing open
view window, Explorer will activate that window rather than opening a new one. If you right-click a folder and choose Explore, you get a two-pane view


(Figure 3) called the explore view. Here, the folder tree appears in the left-hand pane, and the right-hand pane lists details about each file or folder, including the name, size, type, and last-modified date. If neither the /n switch nor the /e switch is present, Explorer uses the open view and
recycles existing windows. The /n switch disables window recycling, forcing a new open view window. The /e switch forces explore view; when using this view, Explorer does not recycle existing windows. If both switches are present, /e is ignored.

The subobject and /select,subobject switches control Explorer's initial display. When you add a folder name to the Explorer.exe command line to open that folder, you're using the subobject switch. If you precede thefull pathname of a file

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Take control (Ctl) of your Windows.

Take (CTL) of your system and Documents.
You can use the following key combinations to do much of the work in most all of your MS and Windows applications.
Ctl + C Copies a document or selection
Ctl + V Pasts the previous copy command at the point of your curser
Ctl + X Cuts the selected item.
Ctl + Z Will undo your previous operation.
Ctrl + Esc pops up the Start menu. Press R to open xthe Run dialog box, then enter a path name (like C:\WINDOWS) to open that folder window instantly.

Press F5 to refresh the contents of the current window.
Backspace marches up the directory tree to the parent of the current folder. (Example: If you're in the Program Files folder within the Windows directory, pressing Backspace will open up the Windows directory.)

F3 opens the Find command, associated with the folder you're in.
Shift-F10 pops up the shortcut menu for the selected object, just as if you had right-clicked.
Alt-Tab moves to the next open application window.
Alt-spacebar opens a dialog box to maximize, move, and resize windows.
Ctrl-Home goes to the top of a page.
Ctrl-End goes to the bottom of a page.

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Add & REMOVE FOLDER CUSTOMIZATION

To add customization to a folder do this:
Open the folder, select View, Customize This Folder, select Choose A Background Picture, select an image and adjust your Icon caption colors, click Next, then click Finish.
           To set all your folders to look like the one you just customized; Click view, click Folder options, click the view tab. Select the button that says, "Make all folders like this one". Now click the Reset all folders tab. The next time you open an explorer window it will resemble the one you just customized.

To undo customization do this:
To remove all customization options from a folder, open the folder window, select View, Customize This Folder, and select Remove Customization. Click Next twice, click Finish, and that window is back to plain ol' black on white (or whatever colors are defined by your current color scheme).
            Transversely, if you wish to make all folders like the default that came with your Windows 98 setup, click on the Restore Defaults tab on the lower left of the view, options menu.
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LOAD DR. WATSON AT STARTUP

In our last tip, we introduced Dr. Watson, a Windows 98 troubleshooting utility that takes snapshots of your system to help diagnose any problems you're having. Wouldn't it be nice if Dr. Watson
would take a snapshot automatically when a system fault occurred? It will, as long as it's running.

If you want to be sure that Dr. Watson is running all the time, place a shortcut to Drwatson.exe (located in your Windows folder) in your Startup folder. Then, it'll start whenever Windows 98 starts.
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Making your own icons
Be creative: Give the shortcuts on your desktop more personality by designing your own icons.
Here's how:

1.    On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Accessories, and then click Paint.
2.    On the Image menu, click Attributes.
3.    Enter 32 pixels in Height and Width.
4.    Create an icon using the paintbrush or pencil tools.
5.    Name and save your icon.
To replace an existing icon on your desktop with your new one:

1.    Right-click the shortcut on your desktop and then click Properties.
2.    Click Change Icon.
3.    Click Browse.
4.    Locate the folder containing the icon you created.
5.    The icon you created will now replace the original on the desktop.
 

Do you have a useful shortcut or way to make Windows 98 work the way you do? Why not share it with the rest of us? Email me with your useful tips or tricks.
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PROBLEM: You want to refresh your desktop, or reload your browser but hate chasing around with your mouse.

SOLUTION: Use the short cut keyboard key F5




PROBLEM: You're wondering if there's a keyboard shortcut equivalent to right-clicking.

SOLUTION: Shift+F10 displays the Windows shortcut menu for the location of your cursor.




Problem: I keep hitting that damn Windows logo key every time I attempt to hit CONTROL+ALT. Is there some way to disable this thing?

Solution: You may want to hold off kicking that logo key. There is a wealth of uses you may not be taking advantage of. Of course, if you still want to kill the Windows key after reading this article
click here!

You have probably already noticed that pressing the Windows key once will bring up the START MENU.
Windows + E will bring up Windows Explorer
Windows + F launches the FIND FILE utility.
Windows + M minimizes all windows.
Windows + R launches the Command or Run dialog box


These handy tips should be enough to give you pause and you may want to keep the Windows key. If you still want it to go away go to:

http://www.microsoft.com/Windows95/downloads/contents/WUToys/W95KernelToy/Default.asp

and grab a copy of Kernel Toys, once you install Keyremap.inf go to your keyboard control panel where you will find a remap tab. This will let you program Windows keyboard to anything you want.
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PROBLEM: You want to make My Documents the active location when you first start Windows Explorer.

SOLUTION: The method you use to access Windows Explorer dictates which location is active when you first open it. To make My Documents the active location, create a shortcut icon to the
My Documents folder on your desktop or on the Quick Launch toolbar (part of the Taskbar). When you right-click on the My Documents shortcut and choose Explore, the My Documents folder
will be the initial location displayed in Windows Explorer.

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Use the Registry to show Windows where your setup files are located:

The place where Windows looks for its source files can
change if you rearrange your disk drives or move your CD-ROM
drive. To change the default setting, open the Registry (be careful and make a backup first) and go to

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup\SourcePath.
Change the SourcePath value
to point to the new location (usually D:\WIN98, where D is your
CD-ROM's drive letter) or network share.
 Also:
If you have enough storage space on your drive, consider copying your Windows 98 setup files to your hard drive.
Place your Windows 98 CD into your ROM drive.
Locate, with Explorer, the directory (Win98) and copy that directory to your hard drive.
Use the above method to change the focus of your setup drive to your hard drive.

For Example:
C:\Win98

Now whenever you need a driver instead of searching for your Windows 98 CD-ROM,  Windows will automatically search your C:\Win98 directory for the driver or driver replacement that it needs.

Article added on September 9, 1999
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Use the taskbar to your advantage
See also use the Explorer Launch Bar

The taskbar is versatile enough to meet your every need. You can customize the taskbar so you can do everything from one place, including starting programs, viewing documents, and surfing the Web. Here's how:

Right click the background of the taskbar, point to Toolbars, and then click the toolbar you want to add: an Address bar, a Links bar, a toolbar containing all items on your desktop, or the Quick Launch bar.
You can also create your own toolbar from any folder.

Right click the background of the taskbar, point to Toolbars, and then click New Toolbar. Select a folder from the list. A toolbar containing all items in that folder will be added to your taskbar.

You can drag the new toolbar to any location on your desktop, and easily remove a toolbar from the taskbar by right clicking the taskbar and then
clicking the item again to remove the check mark

Article added September 6, 1999
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==========================================================================
Use the Explorer Launch bar for those programs you use most often.
The launch bar is the bar next to the Start Button. By default Internet Explorer, View Desk Top and other icons are stored here.

Problem:
You want a place to keep the programs you use most often at your fingertips.

Solution:
Lets say for example; you keep your favorite programs on your desktop. You can easily get to them by clicking on the SHOW DESKTOP ICON on the launch bar. That works okay but you wish there were an easier way to do it and save yourself a step in the process.

Method 1:
Left click on an icon on your desktop hold down on the mouse button and drag the icon onto the launch bar. You will notice that there is a cursor. slide the cursor to the point where you wish the icon to show on the launch bar, then let it go. You now have a shot cut to the program on the launch bar. Repeat the steps to create as many shot cut links on the task bar as you wish.

Method 2
Open explorer
Double click on the Windows folder
Scroll down until you find the directory,

"Windows\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch\

Once you have Quick Launch open create as many shortcuts as you would like. You will notice that the Launch bar has grown to overflowing and unless you expand the Launch bar over your taskbar you can't see the icons you just created. Now stop swearing at me, I'll Explain:
 You will notice a " >> ", click on it. Poof, you have a cascading list of your favorite apps. Now you can open them from anywhere, they will always be handy waiting for you.

Creating your shortcuts:
What do you mean wait?
Oh..you say you do not know how to create a shortcut?
Open Explorer.
Find a file
Now right click on the file
In the list that pops up choose, "Create Shortcut".
Cut, Copy, and past the shortcut you just created to the proper place.
Just that simple

Article added September 6, 1999
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